Diaspora by James Perry

Pay attention to why you’re here at all times. Notice you were forced here and now they have to reason with your opinion. Why is that? The word is Diaspora. The word brought cultures to the states, people and bare essentials needed to trade. The most controversial thing about diaspora is if it was good or not for the states and if the impact was revolutionary, because after all, most cultures and things that helped shape modern day America were forced to do so.

The origin of diaspora came from Greek ideology with the idea of transferring one group or population to another area. Started with the transferring of foreigners overseas, there was able to an increase in ethnic groups within different nations. Using the resource www.economist.com and their November 19 2011 edition of Economist Magazine “The magic of Diasporas” there were Lebanese in West Africa, Japanese is Brazil, the Welsh found in Patagonia and West Africans in Southern China. Having so many different cultures spread out across the world can cause 2 things to happen. There is an exchange of language and also an exchange of trust and knowledge taking place. For example, lets say there is a Chinese trader who lives in Indonesia. One day he is walking through midtown and notices that a local market doesn’t have anymore-cheap umbrellas and is looking to sell some. The Chinese trader has a cousin that lives in Shenzhen and knows someone who owns and umbrella factory. Trust is gained between the market owner and the Chinese man who was able to bring him umbrellas before the rain season ended. Now, in these situations for these countries, law is really weak. So the Chinese man could’ve easily gotten the market robbed or taken over at any minute. Trust leads to friendship but also leads to the townspeople knowing that China has certain resources the town may need!

Economist.com also states that a Harvard Business School study shows that American companies that employ lots of ethnic Chinese people find it much easier to set up in China without a joint venture with a local firm. Meaning that if Americans hire Chinese people, the chances of getting different branches nationally double because of who works for the company. That also means that diaspora helped spread money as well. If Chinese people begin to work at McDonalds and like the food, it’s only a matter of time before you start to see McDonalds in Asia. Foreigners who are rich, and support this spread of ideas tend to also send money to fund these companies to keep running, that creates a diversity in currency being used worldwide, and a diversity in cultural food. All of these factors help fuel the mixing pot. Moving certain races to different areas also help create the mixing of races.

Wikipedia gave me information stating; In America, the merging of multiple ethnic groups from around the world created multi-ethnic societies. In Central and South America, most people are descended from European, indigenous American, and African ancestry. In Brazil, where in 1888 nearly half the population was descended from African slaves, which means that the physical characteristics varied and that during this time period, your average person from Brazil could look completely different compared to his/her neighbor because of the ancestry that was placed years before. In the United States, there was historically a greater European colonial population in relation to African slaves, especially in the Northern Tier.

There was considerable racial intermarriage in colonial Virginia, and other forms of racial mixing during the slavery and post-Civil War years. Racist Jim Crow and anti-miscegenation laws passed after the Reconstruction era in the South in the late nineteenth century, plus waves of vastly increased immigration from Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries, maintained some distinction between racial groups. In the early 20th century, to institutionalize racial segregation, most southern states adopted the "one drop rule", which defined and recorded anyone with any African ancestry as black, even of obvious majority white or Native American ancestry. One of the results of this implementation was the loss of records of Indian-identified groups, who were classified only as black because of being mixed race.

Diaspora continued to take shape and form the United states even more after most African Americans no longer wanted to live in the south, this can be considered the Great Migration, which is an example of diaspora. According to www.Inmotionaame.org Getting to "the Promised Land" did not come cheap, so many migrants made the journey in stages, stopping off and working in places in the South, then continuing on their way. This so-called step migration could take a very long time. Painter Jacob Lawrence recalled that his family was "moving up the coast, as many families were during that migration .We moved up to various cities until we arrived - the last two cities I can remember before moving to New York were Easton, Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia." During the early period, northern employers helped the migrants with transportation. They were given passes that often deducted future fair. These agents, who were paid a flat fee for each worker they produced, were selective, favoring those who appeared in good health, men over women, the young over the old.

The railroads, in dire need of workers to transport war material and maintain the rail lines, were among the first employers to recruit. In the summer of 1916, the Pennsylvania Railroad brought sixteen thousand southern African Americans north to do unskilled labor. The agents from the Illinois Central Railroad issued passes to bring workers to Chicago. Other industries central to the burgeoning war economy, such as the steel mills, made great and unprecedented promises to prospective African-American employees. These workers were poor and eager to take advantage of any opportunity. "Just give us a chance" was their common refrain.

So many southerners made their way north on their own that employers soon cut back on travel passes. Meanwhile, local authorities were trying to deny the agent’s access to the black community. In some cases, their passes were not honored at the depots. On many occasions, travelers were pulled off trains to prevent them from leaving the South.

Do you see how the idea of creating a melting pot full of ideas and cultural beliefs can create a new nation by removing a population from their homeland? Whether it be by force or lust for travel, Diaspora helped spread out populations across the world.